ICL stands for Implantable Collamer Lens, a type of refractive surgery used to correct vision in people with moderate to severe nearsightedness (myopia), and in some cases, astigmatism. It's an alternative to procedures like LASIK or PRK.

Here's how ICL surgery typically works:

Evaluation: Before the surgery, a thorough eye examination is conducted to assess the patient's eye health and suitability for ICL surgery.

Procedure: During the surgery, which is usually done on an outpatient basis, a small incision is made in the cornea. The surgeon then inserts a small, foldable lens made of a biocompatible material called collamer behind the iris and in front of the eye's natural lens. The lens is positioned to correct the refractive error.

Recovery: Recovery time for ICL surgery is relatively quick. Patients often experience improved vision shortly after the procedure. Eye drops and follow-up visits are typically required to monitor healing and ensure proper vision correction.